G2G Home > History > Historical Documents > Bill of Rights Find Related Books

Bill of Rights
(circa 1791)

While drafting the Constitution a number of States expressed concern that it did not do enough to protect individual rights and that it also lacked measures to prevent governmental intrusions and abuse of power. In order to alleviate the fears and concerns regarding a potential for a runaway government, the founding fathers drew influence from such documents as the Magna Carta and the Virginia Declaration of Rights in drafting these proposed rights and government limitations. Their intent was to protect, for all time, individual rights and liberties that would be free from government intrusion and interference. By establishing these new rights and inking a line that all citizens could be certain that the government could not cross without recourse, the founding fathers fostered public confidence in the newly formed government. After more than 200 years, citizens of the United States still enjoy these same rights and liberties as inked by the founding fathers.

1st Amendment 2nd Amendment 3rd Amendment 4th Amendment 5th Amendment
6th Amendment 7th Amendment 8th Amendment 9th Amendment 10th Amendment


Forward

       Articles in Addition to, and Amendment Of, the Constitution of the United States of America, Proposed by Congress, and Ratified by the Legislatures of the Several States, Pursuant to the Fifth Article of the Original Constitution.

First Amendment

Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition

      Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Second Amendment

Right to Keep and Bear Arms

      A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Third Amendment

No Quartering of Soldiers in Time of Peace

      No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Fourth Amendment

No Unreasonable Search and Seizure

      The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Fifth Amendment

No Unlawful Imprisonment; Double Jeopardy; Self Incrimination; Due Process

      No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Sixth Amendment

Right to Speedy Trial; Confronting of Witnesses

      In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Seventh Amendment

Right to Trial by Jury

      In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Eighth Amendment

No Excessive Bail; No Cruel or Unusual Punishment

      Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Ninth Amendment

State Reservation of Rights; Residual Rights to the People

      The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791

Tenth Amendment

Federal Reservation of Rights; Residual Rights to the State or People

      The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

Proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and ratified by the States on December 15, 1791



     See also, these cross-references:


     Sponsored links:

 


HOME  ·  ABOUT US  ·  CONTACT US  ·  ADVERTISING  ·  ADD URL  ·  DISCLAIMER  ·  PRIVACY POLICY

Copyright ©  Gavel2Gavel™  All rights reserved.